HDC focuses on nutrition interventions for residents in poor areas, infants and young children, students, pregnant women, the elderly, and people with chronic diseases. The main places of nutrition intervention are restaurants and canteens (cafeterias), families, food industries, schools, and communities.
HDC proposes four outcome indices including the growth rate of adult obesity, the awareness rate of nutrition and health knowledge of residents, the anemia prevalence of pregnant women, and the stunting prevalence of children under 5 years old. All of those are listed in Table 1. Seven advocacy indices were proposed by HDC, as listed in Table 2. In addition, HDC also sets index for governments. It requires one nutrition instructor (a person who could provide healthy diet and balanced nutrition guidance to the residents) per 10,000 people.
Outcome indices Base line Target date 2022 2030 1. Growth rate of adult obesity (%) From 2002 to 2012, the average annual
growth rate was about 5.3%
Continuously slow down 2. The awareness prevalence of nutrition
and health knowledge of residents
− 10% more than in 2019 10% more than in 2022 3. The anemia prevalence of pregnant women 17.2% in 2013 <14% <10% 4. The stunting prevalence of children under
5 years old
8.1% in 2013 <7% <5%
Table 1. Outcome indices proposed by Healthy Diet Campaign (HDC) of Healthy China Initiative (2019–2030) in 2019.
Advocacy indices Base line Target 1. Average daily salt intake per person (g) 10.5 in 2012 ≤5 2. Average daily edible oil intake per person (g) 42.1 in 2012 25–30 3. Average daily added sugars intake per person (g) 30 in 2017 ≤25 4. Average daily vegetables and fruits intake per person (g) 296 in 2012 ≥500 5. Average daily types of food intake per person (g) – ≥12 6. Adults maintain a healthy weight In 2012, the proportion of BMI in
the normal range (18.5≤BMI<24) was 52%
18.5≤BMI<24 Abbreviation: BMI=body mass index.
Table 2. Advocacy indices proposed by Healthy Diet Campaign (HDC) of Healthy China Initiative (2019–2030) in 2019.